Understanding how complex food webs assemble through time is fundamental both for ecological theory and for the development of sustainable strategies of ecosystem conservation and restoration. The build-up of complexity in communities is theoretically difficult, because in random-pattern models complexity leads to instability(1). There is growing evidence, however, that nonrandom patterns in the strengths of the interactions between predators and prey strongly enhance system stability(2-4). Here we show how such patterns explain stability in naturally assembling communities. We present two series of below-ground food webs along natural productivity gradients in vegetation successions(5,6). The complexity of the food webs increased along the gradients. The stability of the food webs was captured by measuring the weight of feedback loops(7) of three interacting ‘species’ locked in omnivory. Low predator-prey biomass ratios in these omnivorous loops were shown to have a crucial role in preserving stability as productivity and complexity increased during succession. Our results show the build-up of food-web complexity in natural productivity gradients and pin down the feedback loops that govern the stability of whole webs. They show that it is the heaviest three-link feedback loop in a network of predator-prey effects that limits its stability. Because the weight of these feedback loops is kept relatively low by the biomass build-up in the successional process, complexity does not lead to instability.
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailiStock(NEW YORK) — Here are the scores from Tuesday’s sports events:MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALLINTERLEAGUEPittsburgh 5 Detroit 3, 10 InningsAMERICAN LEAGUENY Yankees 8 Boston 0Tampa Bay 4 Baltimore 2Toronto 6 Minnesota 5Texas 5 LA Angels 0Chi White Sox 5 Kansas City 1Houston 9 Oakland 1Cleveland 4 Seattle 2NATIONAL LEAGUEPhiladelphia 14 NY Mets 3San Francisco 7 Washington 3Chi Cubs 4 Miami 0Arizona 9 Atlanta 6Milwaukee 8 St. Louis 4Colorado 8 San Diego 2LA Dodgers 6 Cincinnati 1NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION PLAYOFFSToronto 111 Orlando 82Denver 114 San Antonio 105Portland 114 Oklahoma City 94NATIONAL HOCKEY LEAGUE PLAYOFFSColumbus 7 Tampa Bay 3NY Islanders 3 Pittsburgh 1OT Winnipeg 2 St. Louis 1Vegas 5 San Jose 0Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved. Written by Beau Lund April 17, 2019 /Sports News – National Scoreboard roundup — 4/16/19
Award-winning architect, Dame Zaha Hadid, was in Oxford last week for a ceremony unveiling her plans for St Antony’s new centre for studies of the Modern Middle East.Currently dubbed ‘The Softbridge’ because of its unusual design, the new centre will span the two current buildings and will provide a 125-seat lecture theatre, a new library, and a purpose-built archive facility.On completion, the project will be called ‘The Investcorp Building’, owing to the £11 million donation from Investcorp which made the project possible.The original Middle East Centre was founded in 1957, and is Oxford University’s facility for the study and teaching of the Arab world. Since 1978 it has been based in the buildings of 66 and 68 Woodstock Road, but cramped conditions were proving an issue for the growth of the Centre.Dr Eugene Rogan, a fellow of the Middle East Centre, helped bring the new project to fruition. He expressed his delight for the project, saying, “It’s fantastic that we are able to provide our students with such brilliant facilities.“There’s been tremendous interest in the Middle East ever since counterterrorism became such an issue, following 9/11. The number of people wishing to study the Middle East has gone through the roof.”He went on to express his gratitude to Dame Zaha, explaining, “She’s done so much to really make this a special building. She was the ideal choice for this project as she is one of Britain’s greatest architects with her roots firmly in the Middle East.”Dame Zaha Hadid was made a Dame in the 2012 Birthday Honours for services to architecture and was the first female to receive the Pritzker Architecture Prize, architecture’s highest honour.In Britain, she is perhaps most famous for designing the Aquatics Centre for the London 2012 Olympic Games.
Hundreds turned out for the annual Ocean City Fire Department Open House on Thursday at department headquarters at 550 Asbury Avenue. Live fire demonstration at the Ocean City Fire Department Open House on Thursday, Oct. 9.They came to enjoy the small-town event, some complimentary food and drink, and a handful of activities geared toward teaching children how to act and react in a fire situation.But a highlight this year was a live fire demonstration in which two mock rooms — only one protected by a sprinkler system — were ignited. The exercise showed the public how quickly fire alarms are activated (about 23 seconds after the first flames were visible), how quickly firefighters might respond on average and how quickly the room became engulfed.The annual event coincides with national Fire Prevention Month and gives the community a chance to learn more about how the department works.From learning to “stop, drop and roll” to using a fire extinguisher to douse flames, Ocean City youth got a chance to learn by doing.The event also included firefighters will be selling pink T-shirts to support breast cancer research. Boardwalk Adventures brought its rock-climbing wall, and kids also enjoyed sliding down a giant inflatable.Off-duty firefighters from Ocean City Firefighters FMBA Local 27 volunteer their time to produce the event.
FARMINGTON – Local parents in the Regional School Unit 9 district voiced concern this week after finding out that some students are being allowed to attend class in-person five days a week. Most students that are attending class at school are utilizing a hybrid model implemented by board which alternates days of in-person and remote learning.The hybrid model was chosen as the safest option for handling COVID-19 regulations. The alternating schedules allows class sizes to be significantly reduced, allowing for appropriate social distancing and easier management of health safety expectations. But the scattered schedule has proved difficult for parents who are scrambling to find childcare, support their at home learners, and maintain employment.“I was one of the parents that wanted the full time school model, so when the hybrid plan was announced I wasn’t happy,” Christine Carrier said.Carrier has three children in RSU 9, and while she said the school year is going okay so far, she knows a lot of parents who are struggling. Carrier started a Facebook group for parents and other community members invested in the district and said there were a lot of people upset when they heard about the “special treatment” being given to specific students.“I just don’t think it’s right. School is not childcare,” Carrier said. “And it isn’t Walmart.”Superintendent Tina Meserve said that she is making exceptions for the children of “a small handful” of employees, mainly due to a significant lack of teachers in their specialized area. All of the employees are Special Education Ed Techs – a position for which the district currently has 22 openings for. By law, Meserve said the district would have had to cover two-thirds of their pay if they had taken a leave of absence due to lack of childcare.“I’m pleased that I could offer them this,” she said. “I have 500 employees. Just like other employers, my job is to work with my employees.”Meserve said she gave the entire RSU 9 staff the opportunity to meet with her with any concerns relating to changes due to COVID-19. She only had a small group reach out to her with her requests, things such as specific Personal Protection Equipment, avoiding certain areas of duty, and the requests regarding student schedules.“I couldn’t offer this to everybody, but I was able to offer it to the few people that came to me,” she said.
Last night, Tedeschi Trucks Band returned to the Warner Theatre for their second of three performances at the Washington, D.C. venue this weekend. After a solid night one, the 12-piece live juggernaut went the extra mile on Friday, playing over half an hour longer than the previous night, covering favorites by Joe Cocker, The Grateful Dead, and Blind Faith, teasing an Allman Brothers Band classic, and so much more. You can enjoy full audio from the show below courtesy of taper opsopcopolis via archive.org:You can also check out fan-shot footage of Susan Tedeschi‘s powerful performance on “Angel From Montgomery” > “Sugaree” below, courtesy of YouTube user Tom Libera:Tedeschi Trucks Band completes their D.C. run tonight with their third performance at the Warner Theatre. For more info, head to the band’s website.Setlist: Tedeschi Trucks Band | Warner Theatre | Washington, D.C. | 2/24/17Set 1: Anyday*, Anyhow, Key to the Highway, Shelter, Made Up Mind, Don’t Miss Me, Do I Look Worried, Had to Cry Today**Set 2: Midnight in Harlem, Leavin’ Trunk, Volunteered Slavery, I Wish I Knew How (It Would Feel To Be Free), Crying Over You, Angel From Montgomery > Sugaree^, Space Captain^^, Jam, Let Me Get ByEncore: You Ain’t Goin’ NowhereNotes: * Blue Sky tease; ** Blind Faith cover; ^ Grateful Dead cover; ^^ Joe Cocker cover[Cover photo – Phierce Photo][h/t – JamBuzz]
View Comments Annaleigh Ashford & Jake Gyllenhaal(Photo: Emilio-Madrid-Kuser) Can’t get enough of Jake Gyllenhaal singing “Finishing the Hat”? Us too, but we do have some hot shots that you need to check out ASAP. Sunday in the Park with George stars Annaleigh Ashford and Gyllenhaal participated in the Hudson Theatre’s ribbon-cutting ceremony on February 8, and Broadway.com was there to capture the scene. The historical landmark opened in 1903 (that’s 114 years ago, you guys) with Cousin Kate, starring Ethel Barrymore; it was most recently used as a conference venue. The Hudson will reopen as a Broadway theater after almost 50 years when Sunday in the Park with George begins previews on February 11. Opening night is scheduled for February 23. Take a look at our pics from the ribbon-cutting, and catch the beloved Stephen Sondheim and James Lapine musical through April 23. Sunday in the Park With George Related Shows Show Closed This production ended its run on April 23, 2017
Florence Foster Jenkins Moonlight The Jungle Book You like them, you really like them! The Oscars are set to air on February 26, and we asked you which of 2017’s Oscar-nominated films (Best Picture or otherwise) should inspire the next screen-to-stage tuner, joining the ranks of current hits A Bronx Tale, School of Rock, Sunset Boulevard and Waitress. Little known fact: one of your top 10 picks, Florence Foster Jenkins, was actually a Broadway play with music called Souvenir; Judy Kaye nabbed a Tony nomination for her performance as the tone-deaf opera singer. Your number one pick also has a touch of Broadway brightness: Dear Evan Hansen’s Benj Pasek and Justin Paul lent their music-making skills to this instant classic. Got the hint? Awesome. Take a look at your top 10! Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them La La Land Moana Hidden Figures (Photo: Warner Brothers, Paramount Pictures & Disney) Jackie Zootopia Fences View Comments
“The residents of Broome County should feel safer today knowing a career criminal has been sentenced to 10 years in prison, ” Broome County District Attorney Michael A. Korchak told 12 News in an official press release. Galusha was found guilty in January 2020 and has 18 arrests dating back to 1999, according to the district attorney’s office. (WBNG) — The Broome County District Attorney’s Office says a Binghamton man will serve a decade behind bars for burglary. Charles R. Galusha has been sentenced to 10 years in state prison and five years parole for a 2nd degree burglary conviction. “Based on Mr. Galusha’s criminal history, a sentence of 10 years is appropiate in this case,” he said.
Campaign ActionThe state Supreme Court, as we’ve written before, could also play a major role in the upcoming round of redistricting. In 2018, Michigan voters passed a ballot measure that takes the power to draw new lines out of the hands of the legislature and gives it to a new independent redistricting commission. However, the members of the commission could deadlock, which would require judges to step in and craft new boundaries. And anyone who has a grievance against the new lines could wind up suing in state court.- Advertisement – There’s also the possibility that the U.S. Supreme Court’s conservative supermajority could overturn its 2015 decision that upheld a similar commission in Arizona. Should that happen, Michigan will need its own supreme court to serve as a backstop and ensure the state’s next set of maps are fairly drawn.Georgia Runoffs● GA-Sen-B: Democrat Raphael Warnock is out with the first of what will be many, many, many TV commercials for the Jan. 5 runoff, and he uses it to satirize the inevitable Republican attack ads that are heading his way. “Raphael Warnock eats pizza with a fork and knife,” says a narrator, “Raphael Warnock once stepped on a crack on the sidewalk. Raphael Warnock even hates puppies.”Warnock then comes in and tells the audience, “Get ready Georgia. The negative ads against us are coming.” He continues by saying of the appointed Republican incumbent, “Kelly Loeffler doesn’t want to talk about why she’s for getting rid of healthcare in the middle of a pandemic, so she’s going to try and scare you with lies about me.” After Warnock concludes that he’s “staying focused on what Washington could do for you,” he reassures the viewer, “Oh by the way, I love puppies.”Called Races- Advertisement – Below we’re recapping a host of lesser-known but important elections that took place Tuesday, as well as a number of races that were called after election night. Quite a few contests remain uncalled, but we’re tracking all of them on our continually updated cheat-sheet, and of course we’ll cover each of them in the Digest once they’re resolved.House● IL-17: Democratic Rep. Cheri Bustos, the chair of the DCCC, has defeated Republican challenger Esther Joy King.● MI-11: Freshman Democratic Rep. Haley Stevens has defeated Republican challenger Eric Esshaki.- Advertisement – ● MN-01: Freshman Republican Rep. Jim Hagedorn has defeated Democratic challenger Dan Feehan in a rematch of their 2018 race.● MN-02: Freshman Democratic Rep. Angie Craig has defeated Republican challenger Tyler Kistner.● PA-10: GOP Rep. Scott Perry has defeated Democratic challenger Eugene DePasquale.Statewide Office● IN-AG: Former Republican Rep. Todd Rokita held this office for Team Red by defeating Democrat Jonathan Weinzapfel 59-41.● MT-AG: Republican Austin Knudsen held this office for his party by beating Democrat Raph Graybill 58-42.● MT Auditor: Republicans kept this office after Troy Downing defeated Democrat Shane Morigeau 55-39.● MT-SoS: Republican Christi Jacobsen beat Democrat Bryce Bennett 60-40 in a hold for his party.● NC-LG: Republican Mark Robinson held this seat for his party by defeating Democrat Yvonne Holley 52-48.● OR-SoS: Democrat Shemia Fagan flipped this office by winning 51-43 against Republican Kim Thatcher.● WA-LG: Rep. Denny Heck defeated a fellow Democrat, state Sen. Marko Liias, 47-33 to win a post that Team Blue has held since the 1996 election. Republican Joshua Freed hoped to secure a plurality of the vote by waging a write-in campaign; ultimately, 20% of the vote went to a write-in candidate.State Supreme Courts● KY Supreme Court: Arch-conservative Bob Conley defeated Democratic state Rep. Chris Harris 56-44 in an officially nonpartisan race that will move the Kentucky Supreme Court to the right. The ideological makeup of the membership of this officially nonpartisan body is somewhat difficult to assess, but Conley is considerably further to the right than incumbent Justice Sam Wright, who narrowly failed to advance out of the June primary.● OH Supreme Court: Each party won one of the two officially nonpartisan races on the ballot, a result that reduces the GOP majority to 4-3. Democrat Jennifer Brunner, a former secretary of state who unsuccessfully ran for the Senate in 2010, ousted Republican incumbent Judi French 55-45. Republican Justice Sharon Kennedy, though, prevailed by the same margin against Democrat John O’Donnell.Legislative● LA State House: Independent state Rep. Joe Marino only took third place in his bid for a judgeship in Jefferson Parish, so there will not be a high-stakes special election for his House seat. Republicans outnumber Democrats 68-35 in the state House, and Democratic Gov. John Bel Edwards needs the support of either Marino or the chamber’s other independent, Roy Daryl Adams, to prevent the GOP from overriding his vetoes. The entire Louisiana legislature will next be up again in 2023.Ballot Measures● CA Ballot: Voters supported Proposition 17, a constitutional amendment to end felony disenfranchisement for citizens on parole, by a 59-41 margin.● MA Ballot: Voters rejected Measure 2, which would have implemented instant-runoff voting for congressional and state elections, by a 55-45 margin.County Government● East Baton Rouge Parish, LA Mayor-President: Democratic incumbent Sharon Weston Broome earned 48% of the vote in the all-party primary, which was just short of the majority she needed to avoid a Dec. 5 runoff. Former state Rep. Steve Carter secured the second spot by beating a fellow Republican 20-13; altogether, Broome and another Democratic candidate won a combined 55% of the vote, while 43% went to one of the four Republicans on the ballot.● Maricopa County, AZ Sheriff: Democratic incumbent Paul Penzone won a second term as the top lawman in America’s fourth-largest county by defeating Republican Jerry Sheridan 57-43.● Oakland County, MI Executive: Appointed Democratic incumbent Dave Coulter won a full term by beating former Republican state Sen. Mike Kowall 55-44. Last year, Coulter became the first Democrat to hold this office since it was created in 1974 after the County Board of Commissioners chose him to succeed the late Republican L. Brooks Patterson; Coulter is also the first gay person to lead this large suburban Detroit county.● San Diego County, CA Board of Supervisors: Democrats gained control of the San Diego County Board of Supervisors for the first time in over 30 years thanks to Terra Lawson-Remer’s 60-40 victory over Republican incumbent Kristin Gaspar in District 3. Team Blue had already flipped a seat in the March primary, so the body will go from a 4-1 Republican majority to a 3-2 Democratic edge.Mayors● El Paso, TX Mayor: Former Democratic Mayor Oscar Leeser took first place in this officially nonpartisan race with 42%, while Republican incumbent Dee Margo only beat progressive attorney Veronica Carbajal 25-22 for the second runoff spot. Leeser and Margo will face off again on Dec. 12.● Honolulu, HI Mayor: Independent Rick Blangiardi defeated Democrat Keith Amemiya 60-40 in the officially nonpartisan race to succeed termed-out Democratic incumbent Kirk Caldwell.● Portland, OR Mayor: Democratic incumbent Ted Wheeler became the first mayor of Portland to win re-election in 20 years by beating urban policy consultant Sarah Iannarone 46-41 in an officially nonpartisan contest. A hefty 13% selected a write-in option, with the vast majority of this bloc likely going to Don’t Shoot Portland founder Teressa Raiford.Prosecutors● Adams and Broomfield Counties, CO District Attorney: Democrat Brian Mason held this post by beating Republican Tim McCormack 56-44.● Honolulu, HI Prosecuting Attorney: Former Judge Steve Alm won this officially nonpartisan office by beating defense attorney Megan Kau 56-44. Alm, who served as U.S. attorney during the Clinton administration, supported reform goals for lower-level offenses, while Kau notably responded “no” when asked if she believed that the state incarcerated too many people.● Jefferson and Gilpin Counties, CO District Attorney: Democrat Alexis King flipped this office by defeating Matthew Durkin 55-45.● Orleans Parish, LA District Attorney: Former Judge Keva Landrum took first place in the all-Democratic contest with 35%, while New Orleans City Councilman Jason Williams earned the second spot in the Dec. 5 runoff with 29%. (Disclaimer: Jeff Singer performed work for a consulting firm employed by Jason Williams in 2014.)Williams has adopted more reform stances than Landrum, who served as interim DA from 2007 to 2008. Williams, though, was indicted by federal prosecutors in June for alleged tax fraud, charges he’s pleaded not guilty to. – Advertisement –