Previous Article Next Article If the BBC can do it, so can Personnel Today. We want to know which Britonyou rate as the greatest people manager and leader of all time. Personnel Todayhas invited 10 leading figures in the field of management to nominateindividuals they believe are the best, and then convince you they are right. Tovote, visit the voting form where you will also find summaries of all 10nominees. The voting closes on Tuesday 4th March 2003.This week’s nominee is:Mike BrearleyBy Tim Yeo, Conservative MP for Suffolk South and shadow secretary of statefor trade and industryGreat leaders and managers feature in all walks of life. I have beenfortunate in both business and politics to work for and alongside managers andleaders who commanded respect and instilled the motivation and confidence tosucceed. However, the person I have chosen held a position that can stretch aperson’s ability to lead and manage to the very limits. A post that involvesfacing public criticism, handling powerful egos and delivering results in thecut and thrust of heated battle, often against all the odds. He was not the leader of the Conservative Party, as the description mightsuggest. In fact, he held a public position that is possibly even tougher. The role is captain of the England cricket team, and the man is MikeBrearley. He was a cricketer whose batting skills fell short of the top rank,but he is considered England’s best cricket captain in the last 50 years.Brearley led England in 31 test matches, winning 18 of them and losing onlyfour. He was an inspired leader and motivator, and will always be remembered asthe man who brought the best out of Ian Botham in the Ashes series of 1981 – anastonishing victory which has become part of cricket folklore. Brearley was a prodigy in his youth, making many runs for CambridgeUniversity, and a triple century as captain of an MCC under-25 team touringPakistan in 1966-67. He then left the game for two years, concentrating on anacademic career, and resumed full-time cricket in 1971 as captain at Middlesex.He was first picked for England to open against the formidable West Indianpace attack in 1976, and was appointed captain when Tony Greig departed forWorld Series Cricket. He may have been fortunate to take over a talentedEngland team that faced opponents weakened by the Kerry Packer defections. Butsuccess really resulted from his deep understanding of cricket, his clearthinking and decisiveness, and his outstanding ability to get the best out ofhis players. Brearley’s finest hour coincided with what many believe to be England’sgreatest Ashes triumph. In the summer of 1981, England were one down in theseries. Their talisman Botham had been sacked from the captaincy, and defeat atthe hands of the Australians looked certain. In these inauspiciouscircumstances, Mike Brearley was handed back the captaincy. After two days of the next test, England were dead and buried, following on230 runs behind with odds of 500-1 to save the match. However, Brearley’sinfluence was already evident. Botham had taken six wickets in the firstinnings, and was encouraged by Brearley’s persistence in keeping him bowlingthroughout the innings. The captain’s confidence in his brilliant all-rounder,who had cut a dispirited figure on the pitch earlier in the season, was nowspectacularly rewarded. Botham made 149 runs following on, and when Bob Williscaptured eight wickets on the fifth day, the incredible comeback was complete. The art of captaincy Brearley later said that Botham was “very headstrong, a very strongpersonality. He needed someone who would put his arm around him and tell himabout the immense talent he possessed. He needed someone who would remind himof the role he had to play because of his unlimited ability”. Throughout that summer, Brearley reminded Botham of his abilities and ledEngland to inspired victories at Edgbaston and Manchester. The Ashes wererecaptured – a concept younger readers can only dream about. Brearley’s skill was in motivating his team and commanding respect, despitehis own limited abilities. While Bobby Moore was as skilful a player as acaptain, the impact of Mike Brearley’s leadership was far greater than hisplaying skills. Following his retirement, Brearley wrote a definitive work on captaincy, TheArt of Captaincy, in 1985. His analysis of the captain’s importance receivedattention across the academic spectrum. In his introduction to the second edition of his book, published in 2001,Brearley described the similarity between a team captain and an NHS manager. Both must absorb and understand the anxieties of colleagues and teammembers. Brearley concluded: “There is no substitute for the leader’scapacity to bring people together in a common task, so that people come to takepleasure in their joint and individual work.” These ideas formed the basis of his successful career in psychologicalanalysis, and Brearley is still in demand as a management consultant. At first glance, my choice of manager may seem less serious than some.However, many leaders are famous for personal skills and achievements, ratherthan their ability to inspire their teams. With a test batting average of 22, Brearley was only a moderately-skilledinternational cricketer – but he was a great captain, able to motivate,innovate, persist and inspire. These are essential skills for great managersand leaders of individuals. The last word should go to current England cricket captain, Nasser Hussein.He said: “The man-management skills demonstrated by Brearley remain aninspiration.” Sadly, it appears they are still badly needed. Brearleys CV28 April 1942 John Michael Brearleywas born in Harrow, Middlesex1961 Educated at Cambridge 1971 Captain of Middlesex County Cricket Club1976 Appointed captain of England and went on to lead the teamon 31 occasions 1981 Won the Ashes against huge odds 1983 Retired from the sport and became a successful cricketcorrespondent, management author and consultant Related posts:No related photos. Comments are closed. The greatest Briton: Mike BrearleyOn 28 Jan 2003 in Personnel Today
Internal waves and coastal upwelling have important roles in both physical oceanography and marine ecosystems, via processes such as mixing of water masses and transfer of heat and nutrients to biologically-active layers. In this paper we use quasi-weekly hydrographic profiles and moored records of temperature, salinity and water velocity to investigate the nature of internal tides and coastal upwelling behaviour in northern Marguerite Bay at the western Antarctic Peninsula. Within Ryder Bay, a near-coastal site in northern Marguerite Bay, atmospherically-forced oscillations of the water column with periods around 2-7 days are observed, associated with wind-induced coastal upwelling and downwelling. Sea ice cover is seen to play a role in the seasonal suppression of these oscillations. Significant internal tides are also observed at this site. A range of processes are seen to be important in controlling internal tide variability, including changes in local stratification and sea ice conditions. Both diurnal and semi-diurnal internal tidal species are observed, despite the study region being poleward of the critical latitude for diurnal internal tides. This suggests that at least the diurnal internal tides are generated close to the study location, and we investigate likely sources. Our work adds understanding to how such phenomena are generated, and what controls their variability, in a region of rapid physical change and profound ecosystem importance.
Written by Beau Lund December 9, 2020 /Sports News – National Scoreboard roundup — 12/8/20 FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailiStockBy ABC News(NEW YORK) — Here are the scores from Tuesday’s sports events:NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUEBaltimore 34, Dallas 17TOP-25 COLLEGE BASKETBALLIowa 93, North Carolina 80Kansas 73, Creighton 72Tennessee 56, Colorado 47Ohio St. 90, Notre Dame 85Illinois 83, Duke 68Penn St. 75, Virginia Tech 55Rutgers 79, Syracuse 69Tarleton State at Gonzaga (Canceled)Nicholls at Baylor (Canceled)Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.
There’s really no genre that adequately defines The Hip Abduction. Somewhere in the realm of world music, THA embraces pop values and catchy hooks, electronic-influenced drops and synthesizer melodies, and just about everything in between. Their live shows are something to behold, with multi-instrumental jam sessions guaranteed to get your groove on.In a recent interview, guitarist David New does his best to describe their sound. “If Paul Simon smoked more pot and was listening to 2015-era tropical synth pop right before he wrote the Graceland album.” We’ll take it.The band is coming into 2016 hot, already announced on several festival lineups, and a full album of new music due out March 11th. Gold Under The Glow is certainly aptly titled, as each track is a radiant musical expression. From the fast-paced (“Come Alive,” “Crazy”) to the stripped-down (“Wandered Away,” “Higher”), each song on Gold Under The Glow showcases a band at the peak of their creativity.Overall, a listener can feel the uplifting and life-affirming vibes in The Hip Abduction’s message. “Before we lose our mind, let’s get set free and face the warmth of the high and the sound of the sea,” sings New in the opening track, “Before We Lose Our Mind.” Perhaps this is the gold of the title, breaking from the monotony of life and experiencing something deeper.Listen to that song, and a handful of THA selections from their SoundCloud playlist below:The Hip Abduction situate themselves in a unique position, nestled between world influences, electronic production, and good ol’ rock and roll. Whatever it is they’re doing, it’s working, because this is one great listen. Pre-order Gold Under The Glow by visiting the band’s website. Tour dates can be seen here.
Will Israel do it?Anyone reading the news lately understands what that question means. Will Israel execute a pre-emptive military strike on Iran’s growing nuclear capabilities? If so, another question follows: What will the consequences be?Experts from the Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) took up the issue on Wednesday in “Countdown: Iran, Israel and the Threat of a Military Strike,” a 90-minute panel hosted by the Institute of Politics at the John F. Kennedy Jr. Forum. In the end, they all answered both questions the same way: No one really knows.“We all have to be careful here,” said panelist Charles Freilich, a senior fellow in the International Security Program at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. “These are things most of us in the room don’t know.”Meanwhile, in the United States at least, there is hope that the military strike will be averted by other means: negotiations (sporadic), sanctions (tightening), and even covert action (mysterious). There is even the hope that the world could one day reconcile itself to Iran as a nuclear state: one capable of building a bomb but — like Japan — one that declines to do so.And even if Iran obtains the bomb, there is hope that — at best — it would mean another sort of Cold War, in which nuclear powers posture but do not act directly against each other. The Cold War is an analogy that seems to work, said panel moderator Stephen Walt, the Robert and Renee Belfer Professor of International Affairs at HKS.He also added the night’s truest statement: This will not be the last panel on a potential Israel-Iran conflict.Hope is where you find it. Freilich noted that just last week some Israeli citizens pleaded with their government to hold off on striking Iran until after May 29. That’s when Madonna’s 2012 World Tour makes a stop in Tel Aviv. “True story,” he said. It got the only laugh of the night.After all, what’s so funny? To most Israelis the idea of Iran with a nuclear weapon means one of only two things, said Freilich, a onetime senior analyst at the Israel Ministry of Defense. It is either a dire threat, or an existential threat. It is either a very serious problem, or an invitation for an entire nation to contemplate its own extinction. “Just a few decades ago we looked into the abyss,” said Freilich of the Holocaust, “and no one was there. And Iran speaks today, openly, about Israel’s extermination.”But consider also the threats that Iran sees. “Ever since its formation, the Islamic Republic has been faced with the threat of being overthrown” — starting in 1980 with its war with Iraq, said Iranian journalist Nazila Fathi. (She reported from her native country until the post-election violence of 2009, and is now a spring 2012 fellow at the Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy.) Today, having nuclear capabilities is a matter of national pride, said Fathi, who compared it to a defiant Iran nationalizing its oil industry in 1963.At the same time, she said, being a nuclear power would make Iran an undisputed regional power, capable of negotiating with the United States on equal footing — as a nuclear Pakistan does today.Consider also Iran’s fear and distrust of the United States, said panelist Steven E. Miller, director of the International Security Program at the Belfer Center and a veteran nuclear nonproliferation expert. In refusing to stop their nuclear program, Iran is “going up against the planet’s 800-pound gorilla,” he said — a nation that has made regime change in Iran a staple of its foreign policy.Iran’s fear, said Miller, “is not an idle fear” — especially after the Obama administration took up Bush-era rhetoric against Iran, and turned the screws even tighter on sanctions. Today as well, Iran remains nearly surrounded by American military might, including a naval fleet that has transformed the Persian Gulf into “an American lake.”But getting Iran to the negotiating table is at the heart of American strategy, said David Sanger ’82, chief Washington correspondent for The New York Times and an HKS adjunct lecturer in public policy. That strategy has three prongs: diplomacy, sanctions, and a “very active covert program,” he said. “All this is designed … to convince Iranians that only negotiations will work.”The prospect of an Israeli military strike might help get Iran to the negotiating table, said Sanger, who is in constant touch with White House officials. “They’re happy to have Israeli pressure — in theory,” he said — but they believe an attack itself would be a mistake.A strike might set Iran’s nuclear program back a few years, but would drive it underground too. To Israel, that would mean Iran will have “all the time in the world” to work on a bomb, said Sanger. But to the more optimistic United States, an underground nuclear program in Iran would still be vulnerable to diplomacy, sanctions, and covert action.To Miller, this critical moment requires the United States to offer Iran a deal, concessions, and peace. But, he added, “I’m not sure we’re prepared to do any of those things.”Freilich, a five-year veteran of the Israel Defense Forces, also favors diplomacy over action — especially because the problem of a nuclear Iran extends to the whole Middle East and to wide concerns about international security. “This is an issue on which it behooves everyone to show a degree of humility,” he said. “The stakes here are potentially devastating.”At the same time, the world needs to understand the existential moment Israel is facing, said Freilich — and that means Israel’s bottom line will be: Iran must never acquire a nuclear weapon.If Israel strikes, Iran will “retaliate significantly” with at least some of the few hundred Shahab rockets it has, said Freilich. Hezbollah will do the same, unleashing fire from its “unprecedented arsenal” of 50,000 rockets, he said. Beyond that, an Israeli strike could even trigger a war with Syria and Egypt, both of them shaken by the Arab Spring. Add to this “a highly difficult and problematic international response,” said Freilich. In the end, he said of a military strike, “this is one of the heaviest, most critical decisions that any Israeli premier has ever had to make. … There is no correct decision here.”Within Iran, the consequences of a military strike would also be dire, said Fathi, who feared that “the rhetoric in both Israel and Iran is moving more and more towards war.” At stake, she said, are Israel and Iranian lives; world oil supplies; Middle East regional stability; and — most importantly for her as an Iranian citizen — “the future of Iranian civil society. It “showed signs of maturity in 2009,” but is being steadily frayed by economic sanctions. “If there is a war,” added Fathi, “the Iranian regime will be able easily to galvanize the whole country against an external enemy.”The answer to the dilemma of a military strike actually lies with the United States, and not Israel alone. “The most important thing is to bring the Iranians to the negotiating table,” said Fathi, worried that war would wipe out Iran’s own proponents of a simmering Arab Spring. “If you have one ally,” she said, “do you make them weaker?”
The Chicago Tribune has won the Nieman Foundation’s 2012 Taylor Family Award for Fairness in Newspapers for “Playing with Fire.” The six-part series revealed how the chemical and tobacco industries for years misled the public with deceptive campaigns that promoted the use of toxic flame-retardant chemicals that don’t work and pose serious health risks to consumers.Two other entries have been selected as finalists for the Taylor Award: the Tampa Bay Times for its “Stand Your Ground,” series which, in the wake of the Trayvon Martin case, separated facts from misconceptions surrounding Florida’s controversial “stand your ground” law; and The Boston Globe for “Justice in the Shadows,” a three-part series that took a close look at the secretive law enforcement system that oversees suspected illegal immigrants in the country.The Chicago Tribune’s “Playing with Fire” series exposed disconcerting information about the flame retardants commonly used in furniture that were shown not only to be ineffective in slowing fires, but also are linked to cancer, impaired fertility and developmental problems. The Tribune investigation found that manufacturers of the chemicals controlled damaging facts about the safety of their products and issued statements that misled lawmakers and consumers for years.The Taylor Award ceremony will be held on March 14, 2013 at the Nieman Foundation. The award program was established by members of the Taylor family, who published The Boston Globe from 1872 to 1999, to encourage fairness in news coverage by America’s daily newspapers. Read Full Story
<a href=”https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6-v5ZPRPI4I” rel=”nofollow” target=”_blank”> <img src=”https://img.youtube.com/vi/6-v5ZPRPI4I/0.jpg” alt=”0″ title=”How To Choose The Correct Channel Type For Your Video Content ” /> </a> “In class, we wave hands like clouds,” agreed Seidenberg, a former Cape Cod resident. “And after class, we walk on clouds.”While Tai chi may offer senior practitioners inner peace, scientists also value it for its fundamental, physical benefits. In addition to improving balance, flexibility, and mental agility, it also reduces falls, the largest preventable cause of death and injury among older adults. One way to help the aging have long and vital lives, researchers say, is to help protect them from injuries or worse.According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, one in three older adults falls dangerously each year. In 2014, about 27,000 older adults died from falls, more than 2.8 million were treated in emergency rooms, and 800,000 were hospitalized. Falls are the leading cause of death among adults over 65, and the death rate from them has soared in the past decade.Over more than 30 years, researchers at the Institute for Aging Research have been studying what causes these falls among the elderly, and how to prevent them. The institute was started at Hebrew SeniorLife 50 years ago to take advantage of the proximity to senior residents living nearby, said Lew Lipsitz, institute director and chief academic officer.Graphic by Judy Blomquist/Harvard StaffHebrew SeniorLife, a senior health care and housing organization affiliated with Harvard Medical School (HMS), serves 3,000 seniors in nine residential communities throughout Boston. One of a kind, the Harvard affiliate is the only long-term chronic care teaching hospital in the United States. The resulting access by researchers to seniors and their everyday lives provides a major boost to the real-time value of their research.“Researchers really enjoy working here,” said Lipsitz, who is also chief of the Gerontology Division at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and professor of medicine at HMS, “because in fact it is an environment where researchers can identify the problems they want to study and apply studies to solve those problems.”When Lipsitz began working at the institute in 1980 as one of the first Harvard fellows in geriatric medicine, he noticed that many residents fell frequently. His area of research was born.Lipsitz directs the institute’s Center for Translational Research in Mobility and Falls. The center has led a number of groundbreaking studies on reducing the risk of falls among older adults, ranging from the benefits of Tai chi, to the role of high blood pressure in falls, to the use of electrical stimulation to the brain to aid executive functions, to the benefit of vitamin D to increase bone density.Many of these studies over time were funded by the National Institute on Aging of the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and the National Institutes of Health.Lipsitz calls tai chi one of the most “exciting” interventions because it benefits both balance and mobility. It aids the muscular system, coordination, equilibrium, and the brain. In 2010, researchers at the institute ran a 12-week intervention, in which seniors practiced Tai chi twice a week. At the end of the trial, the investigators compared balance and mobility of those who did Tai chi to seniors who just sat in on the classes. “And lo and behold, Tai chi not only their improved gait and balance but improved their overall functional ability,” said Lipsitz. “If we could put Tai chi in a pill, everybody would take it. But unfortunately you actually have to practice it to have an effect.”A study by Lipsitz, Brad Manor, and other researchers concluded that Tai chi training “may be a safe and effective therapy to help improve physical function.” The Arthritis Foundation now recommends Tai chi because it reduces stress and arthritis pain. (A study led by Fuzhong Li of the Oregon Research Institute, which examined results of a Tai chi program offered in 36 senior centers in 4 Oregon counties between 2012 and 2016, showed a 49 percent reduction in the number of falls and improved physical performance.)It’s a simple fact that balance — the ability to maintain the body’s center of mass, located in the chest area, over the base of support or the feet — declines with age. Maintaining and bolstering it requires more than strong bones and firm muscles.“Social stimulation is an important part of our health, and this tends to decrease with aging. The social aspect of Tai chi becomes incredibly powerful, which helps with the enjoyment.”— Brad Manor“It’s not just a physical task; it’s also a mental task,” said Manor, director of the institute’s mobility and brain function lab, and an HMS assistant professor of medicine.“We have to use our memory for the information that tells us how to perform the task of walking,” said Manor, “and we have to make decisions to slow down if there’s an icy road or the lighting is poor. So we need to use our attention, memory, and decision-making, which are all cognitive functions. It’s a very complex system that involves processes that take place in the brain.”Because Tai chi requires attention, memory, and learning components to master its physical movements, its benefits go beyond improving mobility and reducing falls, the researchers say. It increases cognitive and mental functions and mindfulness. It also promotes social interaction because Tai chi is often practiced in a group setting.“Social stimulation is an important part of our health, and this tends to decrease with aging,” said Manor. “The social aspect of Tai chi becomes incredibly powerful, which helps with the enjoyment. People really like it. It doesn’t really matter if you have a new intervention that may be more effective if people don’t enjoy doing it.”In his lab, Manor studies the links between brain function and balance and falls. As part of his research, he monitors movements of participants while they walk and perform other mentally aware tasks such as counting backwards by threes, in what he calls a “dual-task assessment.” Often, falls among older adults happen when they’re walking while performing other tasks, because they get distracted and lose their balance.“Walking is a cognitive task, and if we’re doing another cognitive task, like talking, one of the tasks will be diminished,” said Manor. “We’re studying how dual tasking interferes with losing balance. In one of the studies, we were able to demonstrate that people who did Tai chi improved their ability to walk and perform an additional cognitive task.”Balance also depends on the ability to have feeling in the feet, which decreases as people age. Scientists at the institute partnered with the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard to develop a vibratory shoe insole, a device that sends tiny signals to people’s feet, which a study led by Lipsitz showed improved gait and balance. “It’s not available to the public,” Lipsitz said, “but this is a promising area of research.”Institute scientists are also studying the effects of electrical stimulation to the brain region that control mobility, balance, and dual tasking. “It’s like taking a small battery and applying it to your forehead,” said Lipsitz. “Someday, I’ll be sitting at the desk feeling tired, perhaps after a meal, and all I’d have to do is attach a ‘battery’ to my forehead to get a boost.”Even as research continues, falls remain a major, rising worry. In 2015, the financial toll from falls among older adults amounted to $31 billion, and the costs are expected to increase as life expectancy grows. In 2014, the population of U.S. seniors was 46 million, and by 2030 more than 20 percent of the country’s population is projected to be 65 and older. Beyond the financial costs, falls can dramatically undercut seniors’ lives in ways ranging to dependence, depression, isolation, and loneliness.As for Rogovin and Seidenberg, neither has fallen since she began practicing Tai chi, three and two years ago, respectively. Both live an active life at Orchard Cove. While they also practice yoga and meditation, they rave about how Tai chi has enriched their lives.“It keeps me mindful of what I’m doing,” said Rogovin, who taught students with learning disabilities in Newton and Brookline for 30 years. “It relaxes me and helps my thinking.”Seidenberg agreed. She especially cherishes the positive effects on her mental wellbeing. Tai chi not only helps her cope with the stress of dealing with her husband’s Alzheimer’s disease, but it makes her feel better.“When I come out, I feel at peace with myself and the world,” she said. “Somehow when we age, we become less coordinated and a bit more clumsy, but I feel more graceful.” Fourth in an occasional series on how Harvard researchers are tackling the problematic issues of aging.The morning light is pouring into the senior living community in Canton, where six residents are performing an exquisite choreography of sweeping, lyrical movements, emulating their Tai chi instructor.“Wave hands like clouds,” urges Kerry Paulhus, leading them in the classic low-impact and slow-motion exercises of the ancient Chinese martial art. With relaxing music playing in the background, the students shift their weight from one leg to the other, turn their waists, and rotate their arms as if they indeed were clouds.When class ended, Elaine Seidenberg and Fran Rogovin, both 84 and close friends for four years, were glowing.“Tai chi calms me down and has lowered my blood pressure,” said Rogovin at Orchard Cove, a facility that is part of Hebrew SeniorLife. “It’s just amazing what Tai chi has done for me.”
Farmers and gardeners should take a lesson from lifeguards. No, not a swimming lesson.A lesson in skin care. Outdoor workers don’t usually pay as much attention to skin care products as constantlyoiled sunbathers do. But they should.More than 700,000 new cases of skin cancer are diagnosed each year, with another300,000 cases going undiagnosed.Many of those could have been prevented with proper skin care and precautions, saysGail Hanula, a project coordinator for a cancer education program with the University ofGeorgia Extension Service.AFor every 100 people who die from skin cancer in the general population, 130 to 180agricultural workers die from skin cancer, Hanula says.AThey are obviously a high-risk group,” she says.”Yet they often have less health insurance and less coverage for preventive care.The main cause of skin cancers in Georgia is overexposure to the sun. So skinprotection is an important defense. The body’s natural defense against ultraviolet rays is a pigment in the skincalled melanin.ASome people have more melanin than others, Hanula says. The melanin in light brownor tanned skin provides only as much defense as a sunscreen with a sun protection factor(SPF) of 4. The melanin in dark black skin provides as much as SPF 10.With the summer sun beating down on farm workers, gardeners, athletes and beachcombersalike, Hanula has some simple ways to protect yourself from the sun:* Stay out of the sun, if you can, during peak hours from 10:30 a.m. to 3 p.m.* Wear protective clothing. A woven hat with a three-inch brim all the way around,long-sleeve shirts, pants and sunglasses will help.AI know it’s hot outside, she says, but a white, 100 percent cotton, long-sleeve shirt reflects the sun’s rays. The shirt will alsoallow ventilation.* Wear sunscreen. If you must be out in the sun, wear a sunscreen with an SPF of 15 orhigher. Apply it about 30 minutes before you go out. Pay special attention to the ears,nose and lips. Apply it regularly.AYou have three choices of sunscreen, Hanula says. Sports sunscreen is designedto take the sting out of sweating and wearing sunscreen. ‘Waterproof’ provides 80 minutesof protection while sweating or swimming before you need to reapply. And ‘water-resistant’provides 40 minutes of protection while sweating or swimming.* Don’t workon a tan, either in the sun or in tanning parlors. Short bursts of exposure or burning arelinked to malignant melanomas.* Anytime you handle pesticides or dangerous chemicals, wear protective equipment andclothes.AExamine your skin regularly, Hanula says. ANotice any change in skincondition. If you see something peculiar, call your doctor immediately.A research project called Georgia’s Harvesting Healthy Habits is helping experts learn more about skincancer among farmers.It is carried out by the Georgia Department of Human Resources, in cooperation with theUGA Health Communication Center in the Department of Speech Communication.
2SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr Over the last few years, lenders have noted an increase of individuals applying for lines of credit. The influx of credit applications has put a demand on lenders to review higher volumes of applications in a timely manner, while also performing thorough and effective checks. Since the timely payments of borrowers control a large portion of a credit union’s cash flow and their ability to run their day-to-day operations smoothly, the reliability of borrowers weighs heavily.There are basic practices you should follow to ensure your credit checks are effective in selecting reliable borrowers while remaining compliant with rules and regulations. The below points can be used as a guideline for a strong credit control system.Purpose and PermissionRunning a credit check on a borrower requires two things: reasoning and authorization. You need a legitimate reason to run a credit check on a potential borrower, which is anytime someone is applying for a line of credit. Secondly, authorization from the borrower needs to be clearly obtained and documented. Failure to have a reason for running a credit report, and/or no proof of authorization could result in legal trouble for your credit union.Running the Credit CheckTo run a credit check you need identifying details from the potential borrower such as a social security number, date of birth, legal name, address, etc. It’s important these details are double-checked to ensure you have identified the right person. Being off by a digit or two and running the wrong report could result in an unauthorized inquiry on someone else’s report. It’s recommended that a report from each of the three nationwide reporting companies (Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion) are requested. This will give you a wider understanding of the borrower’s history and activity, which will come into use during the evaluation stage. Evaluation Stage Every credit union has their own standards when it comes to lending money. A borrower with a good perfect credit score and spotless payment history is the ideal borrower—but this isn’t always the case. Millennials and younger generations are dealing with tougher financial situations than generations before. Because of this, many lenders are willing to work with individuals who don’t have a spotless credit history but can still be reliable borrowers. For example, if a borrower is marked as a higher risk, a credit union (depending on their preference) could counteroffer with a lower credit line or stipulations. These type of in-depth credit evaluations will allow credit unions to serve more borrowers without putting undue risk on their loan portfolio. Periodic ReviewsUnreliable borrowers aren’t completely impossible to avoid, but a good management of your credit control functions can keep them to an absolute minimum. There are risk management levels that should be in place to ensure borrowers are meeting payment requirements and in good standing. Since circumstances and the financial stability of borrowers change over time, it’s essential that periodic reviews of a borrower’s creditworthiness are reviewed. Having these different levels of risk management practices will assist in flagging any potential risk from a borrower. If an individual is struggling with payments or has suddenly opened multiple lines of credit elsewhere, you now have the insight to take action and get ahead of a potential problem. Smart Record Keeping In order for your credit union to remain compliant, after the initial credit check, files for every credit report ran should be kept on file for five years. This includes borrowers that didn’t move forward with any type of credit. This is known as the “retention period.”Since all three credit bureaus randomly select places to audit, it’s vital that credit records are on file and organized. This will allow you to quickly provide an auditor with the information they request. This will also save your credit union from any potential fines or revoked licenses. Once this period has passed, you can destroy any relevant paperwork that renders it unreadable.As credit unions continue to grow and serve more members, their responsibility and potential risk grow as well. To learn more about managing risk at your credit union, download SWBC’s free ebook, Recipe for Risk Management.
Jul 30, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – Acambis, a British biotechnology company, recently announced the launch of a phase 1 clinical trial of an influenza vaccine designed to provide a stable shield against seasonal and pandemic flu strains and eliminate the need to overhaul the flu vaccine each year.Known as ACAM-FLU-A, the vaccine is designed to target all influenza A virus strains, Acambis said in a Jul 17 press release. If successful, the product will mark a major step toward a universal flu vaccine—one that would protect against all strains of both influenza A and B. The majority of laboratory-confirmed flu cases each year in the United States are type A.The randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial will be conducted in the United States. Investigators will assess the vaccine’s safety, tolerability, and ability to generate an immune response in up to 80 healthy volunteers between ages 18 and 40, the company said.The trial will also assess the effectiveness of two adjuvants (immune-boosting chemicals): aluminum hydroxide, widely used in licensed vaccines, and QS-21 Stimulon, an investigational adjuvant licensed from Antigenics, Inc., according to Acambis.Michael Watson, Acambis’ executive vice-president for research and development, said in the press release that an effective universal vaccine will not require reengineering each time the virus mutates. Such a vaccine could be manufactured continuously, and people could be immunized any time of year.”It could be stockpiled in advance of a pandemic or potentially used routinely to ensure population protection against future pandemics,” Watson said, adding that Acambis hopes to see results of the study by the end of the year.Frequent minor changes in flu viruses involve two surface proteins, hemagglutinin and neuraminidase, represented by the H and N in virus names, such as H3N2. The two proteins allow flu viruses to enter host cells and then exit them after replicating. Because the H and N components are highly mutable, vaccine makers must adjust the flu shot components every year to match circulating strains.However, Acambis’s vaccine involves a more stable viral protein called M2, the ion channel protein. The company said the key component in its flu vaccine is M2e, the extracellular domain of M2, which is specific to influenza A. The hope is that M2e will produce an immune response against all influenza A stains, according to Acambis.ACAM-FLU-A is a recombinant vaccine that uses a hepatitis B virus core protein to deliver M2e, the company said.Acambis also said it is searching for a similarly conserved region on influenza B virus strains so that it can offer a vaccine that protects against all human seasonal flu strains.Universal influenza vaccines are under investigation by several other groups, including the Wistar Institute in Philadelphia and Dynavax Technologies in the San Francisco area, among others.Walter Gerhard, professor of immunology at the Wistar Institute, and colleagues wrote in an April 2006 Emerging Infectious Diseases (EID) article that the hope is that universal vaccines can replace current vaccines. But they wrote that even if universal vaccines only reduce, without preventing, clinical disease, they will still be an important adjunct to conventional vaccines, particularly for high-risk groups.Gerhard and colleagues wrote that, in the face of a major new flu variant, maternal antibodies generated by universal vaccines could give newborns some protection. Also, in elderly people a universal vaccine could induce memory B cells, which tend to be maintained into old age and can be recalled by booster vaccination, to generate protective antibodies. The article said the effectiveness of current vaccines depends heavily on “naïve” B cells, which frequently decrease as people age.”When all factors are taken into account, protection against influenza virus infection likely can be improved by a universal vaccine,” the authors wrote.See also:Aug 25, 2005, CIDRAP News story “Acambis hopes to build a flu vaccine that lasts”Apr 2006 EID article on prospects for a universal influenza vaccine