The lyrics speak for themselves.Oh, Lord, don’t let ’em shoot us!Oh, Lord, don’t let ’em stab us!Oh, Lord, don’t let ’em tar and feather us!Oh, Lord, no more swastikas!Oh, Lord, no more Ku Klux Klan!Name me someone who’s ridiculous, Dannie.Governor Faubus!Why is he so sick and ridiculous?He won’t permit integrated schools.Then he’s a fool! Boo! Nazi Fascist supremacists!Boo! Ku Klux Klan (with your Jim Crow plan)Name me a handful that’s ridiculous, Dannie Richmond.Faubus, Rockefeller, EisenhowerWhy are they so sick and ridiculous?Two, four, six, eight:They brainwash and teach you hate.H-E-L-L-O, Hello.Were Mingus still alive today, I’m sure he’d have some music to indict Trump, his clan, and his racist gubernatorial and senatorial enablers.Mingus was born on April 22, 1922, and died Jan. 5, 1979. The Charles Mingus website maintains his legacy; content includes a biography and Mingus’ complete discography.One of the most important figures in 20th century American music, Charles Mingus was a virtuoso bass player, accomplished pianist, bandleader and composer. Born on a military base in Nogales, Arizona in 1922 and raised in Watts, California, his earliest musical influences came from the church—choir and group singing—and from “hearing Duke Ellington over the radio when [he] was eight years old.” He studied double bass and composition in a formal way (five years with H. Rheinshagen, principal bassist of the New York Philharmonic, and compositional techniques with the legendary Lloyd Reese) while absorbing vernacular music from the great jazz masters first-hand. His early professional experience, in the 1940s, found him touring with bands like Louis Armstrong, Kid Ory and Lionel Hampton.Eventually he settled in New York where he played and recorded with the leading musicians of the 1950s—Charlie Parker, Miles Davis, Bud Powell, Art Tatum and Duke Ellington himself. One of the few bassists to do so, Mingus quickly developed as a leader of musicians. He was also an accomplished pianist who could have made a career playing that instrument. By the mid-50s, he had formed his own publishing and recording companies to protect and document his growing repertoire of original music. He also founded the Jazz Workshop, a group which enabled young composers to have their new works performed in concert and on recordings.Mingus soon found himself at the forefront of the avant-garde. His recordings bear witness to the extraordinarily creative body of work that followed. They include: Pithecanthropus Erectus, The Clown, Tijuana Moods, Mingus Dynasty, Mingus Ah Um, The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady, Cumbia and Jazz Fusion, Let My Children Hear Music. He recorded over a hundred albums and wrote over 300 scores.- Advertisement – – Advertisement – Enjoy “Wednesday Night Prayer Service,” from 1960’s Blues & Roots.As a person who was raised on (and loves) the poetry and short stories of Langston Hughes, it wasn’t until recently that I became aware of the fact that in 1958, Mingus collaborated with Hughes on an album.Two years after Hughes read “Jazz as Communication” at the Newport Jazz Festival, he collaborated with Feather’s All-Star Sextet and Mingus and the Horace Parlan Quintet on an album first released as The Weary Blues. It has recently been re-released by Fingertips as Harlem in Vogue—22 tracks of Hughes reading poems like “The Weary Blues,” “Blues at Dawn,” and “Same in Blues/Comment on Curb” (top) over original compositions by Feather and Mingus, with six additional tracks of Hughes reading solo and two original songs by Bob Dorough with the Bob Dorough Quintet. (Mingus plays bass on tracks 11-18.)Here’s “Double G Train.”One of Mingus’ compositions that always touches me is his 1959 tribute to saxophonist Lester Young, known in the jazz world as “Prez,” whose sartorial signature was his hat.In a 1963 re-release, Mingus renamed the song “Theme for Lester Young.”One would not normally put the name of Charlie Mingus together with that of Joni Mitchell, and yet, toward the end of his life, he reached out to Mitchell, to initiate an unlikely collaboration: adding lyrics to the Lester Young tribute. Jazz critic Leonard Feather wrote about the collaboration at the time for the Los Angeles Times.Word reached her a couple of years ago that Mingus had something in mind for her to do. When she called him, Mingus told her that he had an idea for a piece of music based on an excerpt from TS Elliot’s “Four Quartets,” with a full orchestra, and overlaid on it a bass and guitar, with a reader quoting Elliot. “He wanted me to distil Elliot down into street language, and sing it mixed with this reader. “Though Mitchell was fascinated by the idea, and spent time reading the Elliot book, she decided that it was not feasible – “I called Charles back and told him I couldn’t do it; it seemed like a kind of sacrilege.”In April 1977, Mingus called with the news that he had written six songs with her in mind, and wanted her to write words for them and sing them. “I went to visit him and liked him immediately. He was already sick and in a wheelchair, but still very vital and concerned. “We started searching through his material, and he said, ‘Now this one has five different melodies.’ I said, ‘You mean you want me to write five different sets of lyrics?’ He said yes, then put one on and it was the fastest boogie-est thing I’d ever heard, and it was impossible! So this was like a joke on me; he was testing and teasing me, but in good fun.”Mitchell made several visits to the Mingus home in New York, listening to some of the his older themes on records as well as discussing the newer works and his lyrical ideas for them. “Then, because he had become very seriously ill, he and his wife Sue went to Mexico, to a faith healer, and during that time I spent 10 days with them. At that point his speech had deteriorated severely. Every night he would say to me, ‘I want to talk to you about the music,’ and every day it would be too difficult. So some of what he had to tell me remained a mystery.“Sue gave me a lot of tapes and interviews, and they were thrilling to me, because so much of what he felt and described was kindred to my own feelings. He articulated lessons that were laid on him by Fats Navarro, the trumpeter, and others.”Mingus ultimately succumbed to ALS in 1979.xToday we remember Charles Mingus, who, on this day 41 years ago, died from ALS.“Sue and the holy riverWill send you to the saints of jazz –To Duke and Bird and Fats –And any other saints you have.”From Joni Mitchell’s liner notes to the album “Mingus” pic.twitter.com/2M5v51kTb6— Charles Mingus (@Mingus) January 5, 2020Mingus was sheer genius, and whether or not he ranks as your favorite jazz bassist, he will always be regarded as seminal in the history of jazz. Wherever you are, Charlie—take a bow. Stay tuned next Sunday for more bassists, including Ray Brown, Ron Carter, Stanley Clarke, and Esperanza Spaulding! Mingus’ story is also told in the documentary, Triumph of the Underdog—a title which echoes the title of his autobiography, Beneath the Underdog.Charles Mingus–Triumph of the Underdog is the first comprehensive documentary about jazz bassist, bandleader, and composer Charles Mingus. Mingus led a tumultuous life filled with trauma and frustration, joy and creativity. Not light enough to be considered white and not dark enough to fit into the black community, he was an outcast in American society who charted his own path. Likewise, his legacy as a 20th century composer reaches far beyond conventional jazz idioms.Mingus apprenticed with people like Duke Ellington, Lionel Hampton, and Charlie Parker before going out on his own and becoming a musical force for more than a decade. When interest in his music waned at the height of the rock era in the mid-1960s, and one of his closest collaborators, Eric Dolphy, died, Mingus was institutionalized due to psychological problems. Upon his return to the music scene, he began playing more concerts and his record sales zoomed. This golden period of recognition ended when he contracted Lou Gehrig’s Disease and his muscles began to deteriorate. He died in 1979.His autobiography, Beneath the Underdog, made waves when it was first published in 1971.Bass player extraordinaire Charles Mingus, (was) one of the essential composers in the history of jazz, and Beneath the Underdog, his celebrated, wild, funny, demonic, anguished, shocking, and profoundly moving memoir, is the greatest autobiography ever written by a jazz musician. It tells of his God-haunted childhood in Watts during the 1920s and 1930s; his outcast adolescent years; his apprenticeship, not only with jazzmen but also with pimps, hookers, junkies, and hoodlums; and his golden years in New York City with such legendary figures as Duke Ellington, Lionel Hampton, Miles Davis, Charlie Parker, and Dizzy Gillespie. Here is Mingus in his own words, from shabby roadhouses to fabulous estates, from the psychiatric wards of Bellevue to worlds of mysticism and solitude, but for all his travels never straying too far, always returning to music.You will either love this book or hate it. It is raunchy, gritty, honest, sex-laden, and sad in many ways.- Advertisement – Probably one of the most interesting biographical takes on Mingus, the man and his music, is more recent: Nichole Rustin-Paschal’s The Kind of Man I Am: Jazzmasculinity and the World of Charles Mingus Jr., which was published in 2017. Nearly four decades after his death, Charles Mingus Jr. remains one of the least understood and most recognized jazz composers and musicians of our time. Mingus’s ideas about music, racial identity, and masculinity―as well as those of other individuals in his circle, like Celia Mingus, Hazel Scott, and Joni Mitchell―challenged jazz itself as a model of freedom, inclusion, creativity, and emotional expressivity. Drawing on archival records, published memoirs, and previously conducted interviews, The Kind of Man I Am uses Mingus as a lens through which to craft a gendered cultural history of postwar jazz culture. This book challenges the persisting narrative of Mingus as jazz’s “Angry Man” by examining the ways the language of emotion has been used in jazz as shorthand for competing ideas about masculinity, authenticity, performance, and authority.As a person who has taught gender studies, this book piqued my interest, since Rustin-Paschal not only addresses Mingus, but also the erasure of women in jazz like Hazel Scott, who I wrote about in October.Often acclaimed as the greatest jazz bassist, Mingus was and always will be a figure of controversy, as Adam Shatz wrote for The Nation in 2013.It enraged him that Miles (Davis) and the hard boppers had been given credit for his innovations. It enraged him even more when Ornette (Coleman) blew into town with his plastic yellow saxophone, pianoless quartet and ideology of collective improvisation, launching the free jazz revolution and attracting nearly as many imitators as Charlie Parker. Ornette and his followers, Mingus complained to (biographer John) Goodman, were like surgeons who couldn’t retrace their steps: “if I’m a surgeon, am I going to cut you open ‘by heart,’ just free-form it, you know? … I’m not avant-garde, no. I don’t throw rocks and stones, I don’t throw my paint.” Still, Mingus knew a good idea when he heard one. His 1960 session Charles Mingus Presents Charles Mingus features a pianoless quartet that ventured even further from Mingus’s melodies than Coleman did from his, as if Mingus were bent on proving that he was more modern than the avant-garde. Whatever moved Mingus ended up in his music, whether it was the mariachi he heard on his trips to brothels south of the border and included in Tijuana Moods, recorded in 1957, or the experimental tape music of his 1962 self-portrait “Passions of a Man,” in which he overdubbed himself mumbling in an unintelligible made-up language while his band invoked half-remembered fragments of other Mingus compositions, taking us deep inside the funhouse of his unconscious. […]Mingus’s reverence for the tradition—and his mockery of free jazz musicians as unschooled dilettantes—made it easy to mistake him for a conservative: a “black Stan Kenton,” in the dismissive phrase of Amiri Baraka (then LeRoi Jones), the high priest of black nationalist jazz critics. In fact, Mingus’s music was precisely the kind of vernacular modernism that Baraka had championed in his 1963 study Blues People, as well as a textbook illustration of his argument that black musical styles, however superficially divergent, were joined at the hip by a blues impulse that Baraka called “the changing same.” Like Baraka, Mingus viewed music as a surrogate church for black Americans. “James Brown was their church,” he told Goodman, “but they got a church in jazz, too. As long as there’s the blues.” Blues feeling saturates Mingus’s work: as Sy Johnson notes, “it’s always got its feet in the dirt.” His music immerses us in the blues rituals of black American life, while at the same time depicting them from a warm and playful distance. Given what we have been going through with an open white supremacist ensconced in the White House and refusing to leave, I thought it would be apt to open with Mingus’ “Fables of Faubus,” which was his take on the staunch segregationist governor of Alabama, Orval Faubus. In 1957, Faubus forced the use of federal troops to desegregate Little Rock, Arkansas’ Central High School.- Advertisement –
Nov 7, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – A new food protection plan from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), released yesterday as part of a comprehensive import safety plan, places a heavy emphasis on preventing food contamination by enlisting other groups to help the agency focus inspection efforts on high-risk food products.The FDA’s 25-page plan spells out a host of actions it will take, such as writing food protection guidelines for industry and helping foreign countries enhance their regulatory systems. It also specifies new legislative authority it will need to pursue several other safety initiatives, such as enhancing access to a food company’s records during emergencies.Federal efforts to improve food safety focus not only on recent cases of tainted imports, but also on recent contamination episodes involving domestic food products, such as Salmonella in peanut butter and Escherichia coli in fresh produce.In May, FDA Commissioner Andrew C. von Eschenbach, MD, appointed David Acheson, MD, to the new job of assistant commissioner for food safety and asked him to develop an “agency-wide, visionary strategy for food safety and defense.” Acheson was formerly chief medical officer and director of the Office of Food Defense, Communication and Emergency response at the FDA’s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.Officials who spoke at a press conference yesterday to introduce the import and food safety plans declined to estimate what the FDA plan might cost. Tevi Troy, deputy secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), said staff needs and cost decisions “will be determined through the normal budget process.”When asked whether cost constraints would prevent immediate implementation of parts of the plan, von Eschenbach said, “I’m not prepared to say what we can’t do right away. . . . There are many things that we’re currently in the process of implementing and others that will come.””We’re working with Congress so they understand the plan . . . and hopefully will provide the support needed,” he added.Strategies address new challengesThe plan identifies several trends that present food safety challenges. An aging US population will be increasingly susceptible to foodborne illnesses, and Americans eat more fresh fruit and vegetables and rely more on convenience foods that carry a greater risk of cross-contamination.Though the FDA said imported food doesn’t pose greater risks than domestic food, “increases in the volume and complexity of imported foods have taxed the limits of FDA’s approach to handling imports.””America’s food supply is among the safest in the world, and we enjoy unprecedented choice and convenience in filling the cupboard. Yet, we face new challenges to meet both the changing demands of a global economy and consumers’ expectations,” said HHS Secretary Mike Leavitt in a press release yesterday.With strategies based on prevention, intervention, and response, the plan incorporates safety into every step of the food supply chain, Leavitt added. The FDA also said it believes the strategies would also effectively address deliberate contamination such as a criminal action or terrorist attack.Using third-party inspectorsThe number of domestic and foreign food production businesses that are subject to FDA inspections is growing faster than the FDA can manage on its own, the report notes. The plan asks Congress to allow the FDA to accredit third parties, or to recognize another agency that accredits third parties, to handle some inspection duties.Third-party inspectors could be federal, state, local, or foreign government agencies or private entities that don’t have conflicts of interest, the report said. The FDA would not be bound by their inspection findings.The FDA would develop best practices for and solicit industry input on a system for third-party inspectors. In addition, the agency would audit the work of the third-party inspectors, review their inspection reports, and provide them with ongoing training.Corporate responsibilitySeveral of the plan’s components increase the responsibility of companies for preventing foodborne illnesses, and some would require legislative action. For example, the FDA would like the authority to require some food supply companies to implement specific safety measures to guard against intentional adulteration. The authority would apply to vulnerable bulk or batch links in the food supply chain, such as requiring locks on tanker trucks that transport food.Also, for certain types of products that have been linked to serious human or animal foodborne illnesses, the FDA seeks the authority to require manufacturers to implement Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) systems, which the US Department of Agriculture requires for meat packers.”Promoting increased corporate responsibility is key in shifting FDA’s food protection effort to a proactive rather than a reactive one,” the FDA said in its report.Research and technology measuresThe report mentions several technological enhancements that could help the FDA improve food safety. More basic research is needed on identifying, managing, and preventing contamination. Also, the agency said new diagnostic tools are needed to speed the identification of and response to foodborne outbreaks.New data management systems across federal agencies could also improve food safety, the FDA said. “For example, assigning a unique identifier [for each food company] will eliminate duplicate records and make risk data about a firm easier to access,” the report added.Certification of foods before shipmentFor imported products that have been shown to pose a public health threat to the US population, the FDA would like the authority to require electronic certificates of compliance with FDA standards. Such a system would require the FDA to seek agreements whereby foreign governments or other accredited inspectors would certify each shipment or class of shipments before export. The FDA would have to take steps to ensure that the system was not vulnerable to counterfeiting or other security breaches such as transshipment to avoid certification.”This approach shares the burden of ensuring the safety of food products with the exporting country. Shipments that fail to meet the requirements would be refused entry,” the FDA report says.Improving the ability to detect food safety signals is also a focus of the FDA’s plan. The agency proposes improving its adverse-event and consumer-complaint reporting systems and creating a food-safety database for veterinarians.Speeding outbreak responseThe report highlighted several actions that could improve response to food outbreak emergencies. As reported previously, the FDA plan, like the overall import safety plan, asks Congress for the authority to order mandatory recalls when companies are unwilling to issue voluntary recalls.Also the FDA said it needs more streamlined access to company records in the event of a foodborne illness outbreak. The agency would like the authority to access company records on related food items, such as food produced on the same manufacturing line as a product suspected of contamination.The agency also proposes to remove the requirement that a product must be shown to be adulterated before inspectors can access records in an emergency. Instead, officials should be able to investigate company records when they have a reasonable belief that a food presents a serious health threat.”The recent melamine situation in which the FDA had early clinical evidence that a specific food was causing illness in pets but did not have clear evidence of a specific adulteration is an example of such a scenario,” the report states.Risk communication is also addressed in the plan, and the agency proposes enhancing systems of contacting retailers and other groups during a foodborne illness outbreak. The agency also plans to build a Web site to communicate important food-protection information to consumers.Mixed reviews The FDA plan drew mixed reviews from consumer groups.Consumers Union welcomed the proposal to equip the FDA with mandatory recall authority but criticized some other aspects of the food and import safety plans.In a news release, Jean Halloran, Consumers Union’s director of food policy initiatives, faulted the administration’s proposal for not including a budget increase to cover the costs. She also said the plan doesn’t increase the penalties for safety rule violations enough to serve as a deterrent.”And the focus on the ‘carrot’ approach—enticing companies to buy from ‘certified’ producers to import products more quickly—appears to shift the emphasis towards increasing trade and away from the number one priority—ensuring that all products entering the US are safe,” Halloran said.In a similar vein, the nutrition watchdog group Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) hailed the proposal for FDA recall authority but criticized the administration plans on some other counts.In a statement, Sarah Klein, CSPI’s food safety staff attorney, called the safety plans “woefully short on specifics” about improving the traceability of food imports. She also said it was “very disappointing” that the proposals don’t call for “a single strong food safety agency” to end the current division of food safety responsibilities between the FDA and the US Department of Agriculture.On the industry side, the Grocery Manufacturers Association (GMA) praised the food safety plan, including the FDA recall authority.Hailing the plan’s focus on prevention, GMA President Cal Dooley said many elements of the plan resemble measures in the GMA’s own food safety plan, unveiled in September. The GMA plan calls for doubling the FDA’s budget over the next 5 years and for “strengthening the food safety private-public partnership,” he said in a statement.Concerning the recall authority issue, Dooley said, “We believe mandatory recall authority should be granted to FDA to expedite the agency’s ability to more rapidly respond whenever there is a significant risk of an adverse outcome, or whenever food companies refuse FDA’s request to voluntarily recall a product.”A report in today’s Wall Street Journal said most of the administration’s proposals are not new. The story quoted William Hubbard, a former associate commissioner of the FDA, as saying, “I see this as the administration falling into line with the other groups, with the industry, the Congress, consumer groups and the FDA career scientists. You’ve got a strong groundwork upon which to craft legislation.See also:Nov 6 HHS press releasehttp://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2007pres/11/20071106a.htmlNov 2007 FDA Food Protection Planhttp://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceRegulation/FoodProtectionPlan2007/default.htm Nov 6 CIDRAP News story “US food safety plan calls for FDA recall power”Nov 6 Consumers Union news releasehttp://www.consumersunion.org/news/cu-urges-strong-action-on-the-safety-of-imports/Nov 6 CSPI statementhttp://www.cspinet.org/new/200711062.htmlMay 1 CIDRAP News story “New FDA job to focus on food safety strategy”
The COVID-19 pandemic has affected almost everyone and everything in the world over the past three and half months. Among those affected are millions of intellectually challenged athletes, who are in the middle of routine training.In response to this situation, the Washington-based Special Olympics International has ordered all its branch organizations to stop outdoor activities throughout 2020, with coaching clinics held instead. The local branch, Special Olympics of Indonesia (SOIna), responded to the recommendation by arranging online training dubbed the Coaching Clinics Special Olympics Learning Portal on Thursday, which lured 200 participants. Topics : The coaching clinics were held in line with recommendations, in accordance with health and safety protocols.Special Olympics Asia Pacific Amrain Siregar said similar events were being held globally so that all stakeholders would get all the necessary updates and maintain their condition during the pandemic. Besides the coaching clinics, a series of webinars have also been prepared.
Long Jump Varsity – Finals x Courtesy of Eagles Coach Larry Hammond. 1.10Elyse Hunger5:15h PRJac-Cen-Del 800 Meters Varsity – Finals x 4.10Kelsey Sebastian62’2Jac-Cen-Del 1.12Rosie Newhart88’9Jac-Cen-Del 1.12Rosie Newhart33’2Jac-Cen-Del 3200 Meters Varsity – Finals x 2.Austin BiddingerSpenser JohnsonJarod WestonWilliam Meador11:48hJac-Cen-Del 200 Meters Varsity – Finals x 200 Meters Varsity – Finals x 4×100 Relay Varsity – Finals x 4.10Nathan Laswell5:58h PRJac-Cen-Del 1.Maria PurdySophanna DecoryLiberiti StengerRosie Newhart59.5hJac-Cen-Del 4×100 Relay Varsity – Finals x The JCD Varsity Track traveled to Seymour to Trinity Lutheran for a 3way meet also with SW Hanover. Results Ladies JCD 66, SW Hanover 46, Trinity 27 Men SW Hanover 57, Trinity 54, JCD 53 100 Meters Varsity – Finals x 3.Adrian PeetzQuentin ComerMoritz WiesmuellerJarod Weston4:15hJac-Cen-Del Shot Put – 12lb Varsity – Finals x 3.10Adrian Peetz17’4Jac-Cen-Del Shot Put – 4kg Varsity – Finals x 2.10Blake Simon53.4hJac-Cen-Del 1.11Dylan Parcell42’6 PRJac-Cen-Del 100m Hurdles – 33″ Varsity – Finals x 1.11Michael Schmitt103’9 PRJac-Cen-Del 1600 Meters Varsity – Finals x 4.9Oliva Wagner12’7 PRJac-Cen-Del 100 Meters Varsity – Finals x Long Jump Varsity – Finals x 4.9Madison Potts4’4 PRJac-Cen-Del 4×400 Relay Varsity – Finals x 3.10Christina Bellingham7:32h PRJac-Cen-Del High Jump Varsity – Finals x 4.9Sophanna Decory31.5h PRJac-Cen-Del 1.Elyse HungerChristina BellinghamSophanna DecoryOliva Wagner5:13hJac-Cen-Del 2.12Liberiti Stenger12’10Jac-Cen-Del 3.10Blake Simon19.1h PRJac-Cen-Del 1.10Elyse Hunger2:56h SRJac-Cen-Del 3.10Taylor Wilhoit4’4 SRJac-Cen-Del 3.11Quentin Comer1:00.11hJac-Cen-Del Discus – 1.6kg Varsity – Finals x 1.10Elyse Hunger14:19h SRJac-Cen-Del 4×400 Relay Varsity – Finals x 3.10Kelsey Sebastian24’6Jac-Cen-Del 2.9Sophanna Decory21.7h PRJac-Cen-Del 1.10Garrett Boor6’0 PRJac-Cen-Del 110m Hurdles – 39″ Varsity – Finals x 2.12Chris Douglas102’2 SRJac-Cen-Del 300m Hurdles – 36″ Varsity – Finals x 1.Tanner DilkMoritz WiesmuellerBlake SimonAdrian Peetz50.4hJac-Cen-Del 1600 Meters Varsity – Finals x 3.10Elizabeth Newhart68’1Jac-Cen-Del 4.11Moritz Wiesmueller27.1h PRJac-Cen-Del 2.10Elizabeth Newhart26’0Jac-Cen-Del 2.9Katie Minch15:12h PRJac-Cen-Del Discus – 1kg Varsity – Finals x 2.9Autumn Hammond3:06h PRJac-Cen-Del 4.11Michael Schmitt35’8Jac-Cen-Del 2.10Adrian Peetz12.23hJac-Cen-Del High Jump Varsity – Finals x 400 Meters Varsity – Finals x 2.12Liberiti Stenger14.43h PRJac-Cen-Del 3.9Tanner Dilk26.31hJac-Cen-Del 2.Madison PottsAutumn HammondKatie MinchOliva Wagner12:40hJac-Cen-Del 4×800 Relay Varsity – Finals x 4×800 Relay Varsity – Finals x
As midterm elections quickly approach, USC’s political organizations are doing what they can to send students a message: Get out and vote.Participation · Jonathan Brebner, a senior majoring in film production and political science, tables on Trousdale Parkway on Thursday to get students involved in USC College Democrats this election season. – Aditya Tannu | Daily Trojan Though nothing’s been finalized, both major on-campus political groups — USC College Democrats and USC College Republicans — are planning events, lectures, trips and meetings to recruit new members and spread word about the upcoming elections.“We’re really excited to hear what people want to do,” said Micah Scheindlin, a senior and political director of the College Democrats. “We want to get to know our members and see what they’re interested in.”Scheindlin added that once the group gets an idea of what students are interested in, it will be able to cater more directly to student needs.“We got hundreds of sign-ups at the involvement fair,” Scheindlin said, adding that he hoped the high number of recruits would mean a high voter turnout.He noted, however, that voter turnout hasn’t been as high since the 2008 presidential election.“There’s a lot of activity that came out of that election,” said Ann Crigler, interim director of the Jesse M. Unruh Institute of Politics. “Students wanted to play a role in the political decision-making process.”Still, she said USC mirrors the national trend. After such a major election, it was expected for voter turnout to die down.“Involvement varies from year to year,” said Katherine Cook, chairwoman of the College Republicans. “Of course, during presidential election years, involvement is at its peak as students come out to support candidates. We hope to encourage more people to get involved not only in College Republicans but in local campaigns as well.”This doesn’t mean that there isn’t student interest. Some students on campus want to get involved and say they wish there were more opportunities to do so.“They’re not doing anything, honestly,” said Angel Lopez, a junior majoring in political science and international relations.Lopez also said he’d like to see more academic and unbiased political information discussed out in the open, especially concerning major controversial issues.“It would be cool to have a public religions discourse out on McCarthy Quad — just have panels where people talk and clarify the notions of the Middle East,” Lopez said.To increase voter numbers this time around, the Unruh Institute will also host a number of events, including its Students Talk Back lunch series — weekly discussions involving political consultants, USC’s political organizations and students — as well as post-election night events.The College Republicans also plan to host events, starting with a bipartisan memorial for the Sept. 11 attacks.“Later in the year we will absolutely be hosting speakers that reflect the conservative values and interests of the club,” Cook said. “But this particular event isn’t about being partisan. It’s about being American, and I think people respond to that.”Both clubs said they hope to increase voter participation through discussion and debate in order to encourage students to become informed.“We’re past the era where I can say, ‘Read the L.A. Times or Daily Trojan to know [who to vote for],’” Scheindlin said.Overall, both organizations urged students to do what they can to become informed and vote.“There are a lot more people involved, and it’s a lot less glamorous, but at the end of the day, your representation elected in this midterm cycle and the decisions they make in office will have a much larger impact on your day-to-day life,” Cook said. “Students should know their vote is critical.”
Below is the full list of past winnersYear-Name-Nationality-Club2019 Lionel Messi Argentina, Barcelona2018 Luka Modric Croatia, Real Madrid2017 Cristiano Ronaldo Portugal, Real Madrid2016 Cristiano Ronaldo Portugal, Real Madrid2015 Lionel Messi Argentina, Barcelona2014 Cristiano Ronaldo Portugal, Real Madrid2013 Cristiano Ronaldo Portugal, Real Madrid2012 Lionel Messi Argentina, Barcelona2011 Lionel Messi Argentina, Barcelona2010 Lionel Messi Argentina, Barcelona2009 Lionel Messi Argentina, Barcelona2008 Cristiano Ronaldo Portugal, Manchester United2007 Kaká Brazil, Milan2006 Fabio Cannavaro Italy, Real Madrid2005 Ronaldinho Brazil, Barcelona2004 Andriy Shevchenko Ukrain, Milan2003 Pavel Nedvěd Czech Republic, Juventus2002 Ronaldo Brazil, Real Madrid2001 Michael Owen England, Liverpool2000 Luís Figo Portugal, Real Madrid1999 Rivaldo Brazil, Barcelona1998 Zinedine Zidane France, Juventus1997 Ronaldo Brazil, Internazionale1996 Matthias Sammer Germany, Borussia Dortmund1995 George Weah Liberia, Milan1994 Hristo Stoichkov Bulgaria, Barcelona1993 Roberto Baggio Italy, Juventus1992 Marco van Basten Netherlands, Milan1991 Jean-Pierre Papin France, Marseille1990 Lothar Matthäus Germany, Internazionale1989 Marco van Basten Netherlands, Milan1988 Marco van Basten Netherlands, Milan1987 Ruud Gullit Netherlands, Milan1986 Igor Belanov Soviet Union, Dynamo Kyiv1985 Michel Platini France, Juventus1984 Michel Platini France, Juventus1983 Michel Platini France, Juventus1982 Paolo Rossi Italy, Juventus1981 Karl-Heinz Rummenigge West Germany, Bayern Munich1980 Karl-Heinz Rummenigge West Germany, Bayern Munich1979 Kevin Keegan England, Hamburg1978 Kevin Keegan England, Hamburg1977 Allan Simonsen Denmark, Borussia Monchengladbach1976 Franz Beckenbauer West Germany, Bayern Munich1975 Oleg Blokhin Soviet Union, Dynamo Kyiv1974 Johan Cruyff Netherlands, Barcelona1973 Johan Cruyff Netherlands, Barcelona1972 Franz Beckenbauer West Germany, Bayern Munich1971 Johan Cruyff Netherlands, Ajax1970 Gerd Müller West Germany, Bayern Munich1969 Gianni Rivera Italy, Milan1968 George Best Northern Ireland, Manchester United1967 Flórián Albert Hungary, Ferenc Rosi TC1966 Bobby Charlton England, Manchester United1965 Eusébio Portugal, Benfica1964 Denis Law Scotland, Manchester United1963 Lev Yashin Soviet Union, Dynamo Moscow1962 Josef Masopust Czechoslovakia, Dukla Prague1961 Omar Sívori Italy, Juventus1960 Luis Suárez Spain, Barcelona1959 Alfredo Di Stéfano Spain, Real Madrid1958 Raymond Kopa France, Real Madrid1957 Alfredo Di Stéfano Spain, Real Madrid1956 Stanley Matthews England, Blackpool The Ballon d’Or has had several winners since its inception in 1956 when England international Sir Matthew Stanley won the first trophy.Barcelona and Argentina international, Lionel Messi extended his tally of wins in the Ballon d’Or after he received his sixth trophy.The 32-year old scored 51 goals and assisted 19 times across all competitions in the 2018-2019 season.The award is his first since 2015 where he scored 58 goals and assisted 27 times in all competitions.The Argentine now holds the record for the most wins in the Ballon d’Or list with six medals with the rival, Cristiano Ronaldo having five trophies.The likes of Johan Cruyff, Marco van Basten, and Michelle Platini have all scooped three Ballon d’Or trophies.Lev Yashin is the only goalkeeper to have won the most coveted award and Liberian and AC Milan star, George Weah, still remains the only African to receive the award since its inauguration.Lionel Messi is the first player in history to win the #BallonDor SIX times 🐐#BallonDor2019 pic.twitter.com/zqbwvy9luS— Goal (@goal) December 2, 2019